Examining the Advantages and Disadvantages of urbanization
Various causes, such as the introduction of industries and greater commercialization in metropolitan areas, can create or impact urbanization. Despite this, urbanization has a variety of elements. As a result, we will examine the benefits and drawbacks of urbanization. One of the consequences of urbanization would be an increase in business transactions in urban areas. However, such overcrowding would place excessive strain on basic utilities in metropolitan areas.
The Advantages of Urbanization
Urbanization provides some advantages for society and its citizens. Among these advantages are:
Industrialization is the term used to describe the global movement of the globe from an agricultural-based economy to an economy controlled by industry. The globe was under the authority of farmers in the nineteenth century who owned the most considerable percentage of land had the power because with property, you could accomplish so much. Nonetheless, as time passed, businesses began to emerge, and farming itself became automated.
As a result of the expansion of industries, we have seen the movement of individuals, groups, and enterprises from rural to urban regions in pursuit of new opportunities to use their talents and knowledge. The existence of industries created new jobs, marked a new period, produced a new degree of involvement, and increased the economy’s status.
Commerce grew in tandem with the emergence of industry. The number of transactions has increased. It was simple for people to purchase and sell products and services. It progressively became the new standard since there was easy access to agricultural farm goods in cities, thus people preferred to stay in urban areas, which offered more commercial prospects.
2. Social advantages
If you reside in a city or town, you have access to resources that others living in rural areas may not have. These are things that resonate with folks who live and work in cities.
A higher quality of life, social welfare, enhanced medical facilities and individual access to health care, a better educational model, sports centers, and recreational areas are only a few examples.
Based on these lists and their lack of experience with the worse quality of life in the rural area, more individuals are typically driven to seek sustenance in the metropolitan area. Opportunities arise as a result of the creation of these facilities.
Some people want to improve their level of living. Others relocate in order to obtain work in these industries.
3. Development of Rural Areas
As more people in these metropolitan areas grow more productive, prolific, and rich as a result of the discovery of new natural resources, industrial demand will rise, necessitating the construction of more factories. Mining companies will evolve, and agricultural markets will boom.
There would be a need to convert rural regions into urban areas in order to create more and expand economic activity.
This rise will open up new employment opportunities, raise educational standards, rebrand health institutions that were previously struggling, and allow more people to get access to quality health care. It would minimize migration from rural to urban areas.
4. Technological progress
The growth in rural-urban mobility will increase transactions at all locations. It will enhance the desire for technological advancements that will make transactions easier and faster.
There is also a desire for more technologically aided buildings. Assume, for example, that the number of individuals in the country’s metropolitan areas is increasing. To boost transportation, the government will need to upgrade transportation networks. Communication channels will be improved.
New modes of transportation, such as rail and air, will be given full consideration. And when people’s possessions are well-cared for, it is much simpler for them to maintain a high quality of living and contribute to the economy’s growth and development.
The Disadvantages of Urbanization
Just as there are benefits to urbanization, there are also drawbacks to increased urbanization. Some of these negative consequences include:
1. Concerns about housing
Housing issues are one of the most serious issues in metropolitan areas. When more people begin to migrate from rural to urban regions, the number of homes in these locations decreases, and because the rate of movement of people into these areas is much lower than the housing rate, there will be a lot of congestion.
Not just on housing, but also on social infrastructure including roads, educational institutions, water, food, and resources. There are seldom many individuals attempting to manage and cram into a tiny area for the residence. It is something that cities are experiencing on a daily basis as more and more people flock to them in search of better chances and greener pastures.
2. Reduction in job possibilities
When the number of individuals migrating into a city increases, the rate of employment lowers. This is due to an increase in the number of persons competing for available employment. Statistics suggest that it is considerably greater in the case of educated persons.
There was a time when having a high school diploma guaranteed you a job, but that is no longer the case. Even with your certifications, you will have to compete with a thousand people who have the same certificates for positions whose pay may not be sufficient to maintain the quality you deserve.
3. The progressive expansion of slums
When impoverished individuals move from rural to urban regions and can’t afford to buy a house, they create curved places for themselves, which eventually turn into slums. Slums are illegal and constitute a threat to the government.
The current pace of growth of slums greatly outnumbers the numbers documented in the early industrial seasons. When there is a significant growth in the number of immigrants combined with a slow pace of housing system and land development, it will result in problems such as inadequate sewage infrastructure and treatment.
There is a significant issue in managing the surplus garbage that governments generate on a daily basis, compelling them to dispose of it in lakes, rivers, and streams, wherever they can find them.
As a result of these acts, there will be an increase in infectious illnesses. People become infected with diseases such as malaria and typhoid. These illnesses spread from person to person, resulting in death.
Conclusion on Pros and Cons of Urbanization
The term “urbanization” refers to the aggregate of population expansion in urban regions. It can refer to modernization in relation to industrial expansion in a city. It is, in a nutshell, a demographic change. Urbanization is fantastic and should be the reality of the new world if it is to progress and assume its position in the global economy. It is the guarantee of growth for every nation, and even when it has drawbacks, there should be mechanisms in place to manage rather than stifle its concept. As a result, we now comprehend the merits and cons of urbanization.