What is Nationalism?
Nationalism is connected with a sense of belonging to a shared culture, speaking a common language, sharing customs and culture, and residing in a certain geographical location.
Nationalism is connected with the concept that the country comes first, that one should be willing to make the ultimate sacrifice to protect it, that one should have a sense of patriotism, and that one should remain unified when confronted with adversity or in the face of an adversary on the battlefield.
Pros of Nationalism – Nationalism has the following advantages:
1. Group unity despite variety.
2. Above everything, duty to one’s country.
4. Pride in being a citizen of the country.
5. Collaborating for the Motherland even though you live in a foreign country.
6. Contributing to the nation’s overall development.
7. It creates employment chances: One of my favorite aspects of nationalism is that it, like globalization, creates a plethora of job opportunities. Furthermore, it motivates people to achieve greater success in their life by accomplishing more. It permits individuals to relocate and settle from one location to another in order to pursue their ambitions and jobs. For example, someone can come to your nation from anywhere in the planet and continue to pursue their happiness. All of this is the result of nationalism. As a result, nationalism continues to be one of its most advantageous features.
8. Nationalism is unifying: It serves as a unifying force that eclipses tribal identities. Despite the fact that they have multiple tribes, many countries live in peace as a result of nationalism. Take, for example, Italy. Germany and Tanzania can witness to the fact that it has truly created togetherness.
9. Imperialism antidote; Many countries, like India, used nationalism to combat the poison of imperialism. Because of this, so many countries have been guided to independence.
10. It established a large government: This has aided in many ways, including the construction of schools and hospitals for people. A megasystem can function only because to nationalism. People can share national resources without causing strife. It is one of the variables that contribute to a country’s growth. This, in turn, raises people’s living standards.
11. It motivates individuals to make significant sacrifices: Nationalism has brought out the finest in its inhabitants. Soldiers, for example, are willing to put their lives at danger in order to safeguard their country. Doctors, on the other hand, are always on the front lines of saving people’s lives. Athletes, on the other hand, just desire to do better for their country during athletic events.
12. Cosmopolitan identity: Nationalism has resulted in the formation of significant continental identities such as ASEAN or the EU. These regional blocks are quite beneficial, particularly when it comes to fostering growth. Furthermore, it strengthens the area by supervising development and allowing countries to help one another.
13. Self-determination: Marginalized areas demanded self-determination. South Sudan is a wonderful example of a marginalized group seeking self-determination. South Sudan is now equipped to care for itself and its inhabitants by constructing enough resources in every area.
Cons of Nationalism – Nationalism has the following disadvantages
1. Thinking exclusively of one’s own country, with little regard for the country in which one lives.
2. In certain cases, moving to the extreme left/right margins in the sake of national security.
3. Creating intolerance for other countries can sometimes lead to severe animosity for people from other countries.
4. Be prejudiced against others.
5. Insulting and causing harm to others’ nations, religions, socioeconomic classes, and cultures.
6. Caused WW1 and WW2: Nations’ distrust contributed to the outbreak of both WW1 and WW2. These battles resulted in the loss of property and the deaths of a large number of people. When a country believes it is superior to others in conflict, it may employ needless and excessive force.
7. Politicians may influence people’s emotions: When attempting to defend harmful actions, politicians hide behind nationalism. For example, Donald Trump proposes deporting all immigrants from the United States and erecting a border wall with Mexico.