Hunting has been a part of human history from the dawn of time. As a means of obtaining food, we have been hunters and gatherers. Because of the predominance of farming and croplands in modern civilization, hunting may no longer be required for sustenance, yet it remains a part of many cultures and ethnicities.
One of the major advantages of hunting is that it diversifies a person’s diet. Many livestock animals are not necessarily healthy proteins to consume on a daily basis. Hunting supplies game for the food chain, which, when taken in moderation, may encourage good eating habits.
The main downside of hunting is that it is a potentially dangerous pastime. According to the International Hunter Education Association, around 1,000 individuals are unintentionally shot by hunters in North America each year. Approximately 10% of such gunshots result in a fatality. It is a danger of harm that affects both hunters and non-hunters.
Here are some more hunting benefits and drawbacks to consider.
Before we get to the Pros and Cons of Hunting, here are some common questions regarding hunting.
What are the negative effects of hunting?
Why hunting is bad for the environment?
Why we should not do hunting?
What are illegal hunters called?
Why animals should not be hunted?
Hunting is a source of misery and sorrow. When hunters miss their targets, this cruel kind of “entertainment” shatters families and leaves many animals orphaned or seriously damaged. Quick killings are uncommon, and many animals die slowly and painfully when they are injured but not killed by hunters.
List of Pros of Hunting and Advantages:
1. It regulates wildlife populations.
Deer can do a lot of damage in a short amount of time. They are opportunistic creatures that can eat over 700 different plant types without harm. They are very adaptive, migrating into towns and suburbs in search of cover, food, and protection. They may inflict several thousand dollars in damage in a single day to a single property. Hunting is a method of keeping the local animal population under control.
2. It is a safe activity to participate in.
Most towns require a hunter’s education program before authorizing the purchase of a hunting license or tag. Many states in the United States have hunting education legislation in place that have been in place for more than a generation. California, for example, established its first legislation in 1954. When all protocols are followed as they should be, the incidence of hunting accidents is substantially decreased.
3. It is a method for improving personal exercise.
Hiking into forested regions, setting up a stand, tent, or blind, and enduring often harsh conditions are all part of the hunt. It is a novel method to obtain personal activity, especially given the restricted nutritional alternatives available when hunting.
4. It broadens one’s understanding of Mother Nature.
To be a successful hunter, you must first learn about the outdoors. You must be able to identify animal tracks and behaviors. You should know how to track animals in case one escapes. It’s an opportunity to discover the outdoors in a manner that you can’t get by watching TV or going along a well-developed nature trail.
5. It provides a means of survival.
For many people, hunting is the primary means of obtaining protein-rich meals. In these civilizations, no part of the animal is wasted, with the hide becoming clothes or blankets and the antlers becoming valuable tools. Hunting provides survival to individuals who may become lost, providing them with a food source to utilize while waiting for help.
It offers a source of income.
Many environmental projects in the United States rely on hunting for funding. Hunting income are also used by states for a number of objectives. The residential cost of a deer license in Washington State is $44.90 per person. A license for deer, elk, bear, or cougar costs $95.50 per person. Licenses for moose, bighorn sheep, and mountain goats are given by a random drawing and cost $332 per person.
7. It has the potential to minimize automobile accidents.
Every year, around 200 people are killed in car accidents involving deer in the United States. The average yearly cost paid out by car owners and insurance companies to cover the cost of vehicle damage in these incidents exceeds $4 billion. Every year, it is estimated that more than 1.2 million incidents occur on US highways. Hunting serves to reduce population numbers, which may also have a role in lowering total accident rates.
List of the Disadvantages of Hunting and Cons:
1. It is more of a recreational activity than a requirement of existence.
Hunting was rarely about bringing home a trophy to display on the wall for our forefathers. They went hunting for what they needed in order to put food on their tables. Modern hunting has grown into a pastime, with some hunters even posing with their kill with little care for what happens to the carcass. Hunting for the sake of hunting demonstrates a general disregard for nature.
2. It has the potential to reduce animal populations.
Several animal species have been hunted to extinction because some component of the animal was deemed desirable. Hunting has resulted in the extinction of certain animals. According to Mother Nature News, 13 creatures have been hunted to extinction in the last 200 years, ranging from the Tasmanian tiger to the Passenger pigeon to the Quagga.
3. It can escalate to abusive behavior.
Some hunters, particularly those hunting deer, have turned to lures and feeding stations to make it “easier” to fill their tags. Feeding deer adds a measure of domestication to the animals while eliminating many of the benefits mentioned when discussing the delights of hunting. It’s like to walking out to the barn and shooting a cow for beef, then proclaiming oneself a great hunter.
4. It may cause animal suffering.
A clean kill shot is virtually the same as what happens at a slaughterhouse or butcher when an animal is being prepared for food. Animals might suffer as a result of the damage caused by hunters when they miss. Certain damage may potentially render the animal unfit for human consumption. Suffering can result from any damage. If the animal lives, its agony might be continued for an undetermined amount of time.
5. It may be prohibitively expensive.
Hunter’s safety lessons are intended to improve skills, knowledge, and awareness. They are not always inexpensive. A hunter’s education course costs around $20 per person on average. Additional costs may apply depending on the type of animal hunted or the weapon used. Clothing, a rifle, or another hunting weapon, such as a bow, must also be factored in. This can cause the expense of hunting to exceed some households’ budgets.
The advantages and disadvantages of hunting demonstrate that when this activity is managed correctly and the goal is to ensure survival, it is a task that may be quite useful. However, as hunting becomes a sport and a business, more of the drawbacks of hunting become apparent.